The 16-posture Simplified Form of t'ai chi ch'uan/Taijiquan, (Chinese: 太极拳; pinyin: Tàijíquán) Wu Style (吳氏), is a short version of Tai chi composed of sixteen movements. This 16 form Wú Family style routine was introduced by Wu Gwongyu and Ma Hailong in 2006.
The form was the result of an effort by the Chinese Sports Committee, which, in 1956, brought together four t'ai chi teachers - Chu Guiting, Cai Longyun, Fu Zhongwen, and Zhang Yu - to create a simplified form of t'ai chi as exercise for the masses. The creators truncated the traditional family style t'ai chi forms to 24 postures ; taking about six minutes to perform and to give the beginner an introduction to the essential elements of t'ai chi ch'uan, yet retain the traditional flavor of traditional longer hand forms (in general, 88-108 postures). After the creation of that form, The chinese Government commanded the five great Schools of Taichi to create simplified 16-Steps Forms to be used as teaching tools as well as Competition forms.
Commencing (Qǐshì, 起势), Preparation, Beginning
Closing (Shōushì, 收势)